The Omani society is very respectful with their tourists (tourists must also behave in a similar manner), thanks to their ancestral system that marks their tribal origins; the result is the love they have for their Sultan, their traditions, country and family.
These are a few of their symbols of identity:
The male dress in Oman consists of:
- Dishdasha: a simple, ankle-length, collarless gown with long sleeves, most frequently white in color but it can also appear in a variety of other colors (brown, purple or black). Its main accessory is a tassel (furakha) sewn into the neckline, that can be impregnated with perfume. Underneath the dishdasha men wear a plain, wide strip of cloth wrapped around the body from the waist down.
- Bisht: on formal occasions a black or beige cloak may cover the dishdasha. The embroidery edging the cloak is often in silver or gold thread and it is intricate in detail.
- Mussar: a square cut piece of woven wool or cotton fabric of a single color decorated with various embroidered patterns.
- Kummah: a cap that is the head dress worn during leisure hours.
- Assar: a stick, which can have practical uses or is simply used as an accessory during formal events.
- Sandals: Omani men, usually wear sandals on their feet.
- Khanjar: the traditional dagger of Oman, it forms part of the national dress and men wear the khanjar on all formal public occasions and festivals. It is traditionally worn at the waist. Sheaths may vary from simple covers to ornate silver or gold-decorated pieces. It’s a symbol of a man’s origin, his manhood and courage. A depiction of a khanjar appears on the national flag.
- Sword: is a symbol of respect and dignity that is used in celebrations.
The female dress in Oman consists of:
- Siwal: long embroidered dress (very colorful, varies by region) below is carried trousers
- Lihaf: a head shawl.
- Abaya: casual dress black color, substitute siwal, covering a more modern attire.
- Accessories: Jewelry and cosmetics
Perfume: both used by men and women, the most exclusive of al is amouage (see Muscat). Salalah is known as the perfume capital.
Old Omani Silver: used in rings, bracelets, collars, etc, they are used as complements and as spiritual protection against the evil eye.
Khawa: is a strong flavored drink served hot in small bowls and it´s accompanied by dates and candy, it is a symbol of hospitality.
Halwa (candies): made of butter, honey, spices and nuts. They are offered in a big round bowl.
Dates: they offer a wide variety of dates.
Luban (incense) is the resin of the olibanum tree (his collection is an art), these sacred pearls are burned with a piece of carbon located in a decorated burner of clay. Not only freshens the houses and temples, also it has a therapeutic use.
Dhow: traditional sailing vessels with one or more masts with lateen sails used in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean region. They are used mostly for fishing and to carry goods. South, in the Governorate of Dhofar, is a good showcase to know.
Bedouins: known for engaging in nomadic herding, agriculture and sometimes fishing. They also earn income by transporting goods and people across the desert.