Oman is a monarchy thanks to its majesty the Sultan Qaboos Bin Said that since his appointment in July 23, 1970 has marked a milestone in the history of the country.
Until the end of the XIX century, (thanks to its strategic position in the Arabian Peninsula, with its ports giving access to the Indian Ocean) it has been an important commercial base establishing routes (silks, incense, spices…) that are considered UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Numerous scattered sources throughout the whole country narrate the various stages of the government from the Persian Empire (563 bC), Arab (I Century), Portuguese (1.508), Ottoman (1.659), up to its expansion through the coast of oriental Africa (mid XVIII Century).
In 1.861 with the loss of its commercial influence, the Sultanate is divided into principalities and in 1.891 Oman becomes protected under the British dominium.
In 1.920 thanks to the Treaty of Seeb (between the Imam of Oman and the Sultan of Muscat) a new period of stability is made possible until the death of the Imam in 1.954; the new Imam initiates a rebellion that the Sultan Said Bin Taimur (thanks to the help of the British forces) is able to contain and exiles the Imam from Nizwa to Saudi Arabia.
In 1.964 a secession war is born from the region of Dhofar (supported by Yemen and the USSR) that ends in 1.975 (the Sultan has the help of Jordan and Iran).
In 1.971, with Sultan Qaboos Bin Said, the United Kingdom acknowledges the total independency of Oman and is admitted in the UN.
From this point, Oman (who maintains its political and military bonds with the United Kingdom) becomes an important player in the political and commercial relations between Gulf States as the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
Thanks to its moderate foreign policy and independent and strategic geographical position (dominating the Strait of Hormuz) it adds stability with great diplomatic activity.
A period of continuous growth begins with the construction of new infrastructure (roads, airports, ports, desalination plants, electricity…..) services (social security, education) and an Omanization process begins due to the great influence of foreign workforce (mainly from India and Pakistan) and qualified expatriates (mainly from the US and UK).
This policy offers the strategy of diversifying economical activity (highly dependent on gas and petroleum) to others such as tourism of higher quality, this way improving their commercial balance with more self sufficiency (such as importing 80% of food products consumed).