Situation: Nizwa lies around 178 kilometers from the capital Muscat. It lies at the foot of Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain) to the south, amongst the mountains that form its walls. The city is full of rivers, orchards and palm trees towering amidst a balmy atmosphere. It is watered by the falajs; Al Ghantuq, Dhoot and the biggest one Daris (World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO).
Population: 70.000 inhabitants, they cling to the old Islam traditions, with a conservative tradition as a product to be the ancient capital of Oman governed by its imam overthrown in 1954
Climate: with minimum rainfall, its climate is rather dry with two distinctive seasons, winter (from November to March) with minimum temperatures of 10ºC (50ºF) and summer (from April to October) with maximum temperatures of 50ºC (122ºF).
Nizwa Fort: It was built in 1668 by the Imam Sultan Bin Saif Al Ya’rubi (who expelled the Portuguese from Oman). The fort was the administrative seat of authority for the presiding Imams and Walis in times of peace and conflict. The main bulk of the fort took about 12 years to complete and was built above an underground stream. The fort is a reminder of the town’s significance through turbulent periods in Oman’s long history. It was a magnificent stronghold against raiding forces that desired Nizwa’s abundant natural wealth and its strategic location at the crossroads of vital routes.
Nizwa Souq: among other craft products (copper, leather and ceramics) highlights its silver handicrafts manufacturing Khanjar (dagger traditional curve) and swords that look Omani proud of their tradition. Furthermore (Friday) we can enjoy the market of live animals.
In Nizwa we can stay at the Golden Tulip and visit the nearby mountain of Jebel Shams and Jabal Akdhar populations.
We started by Bahla.